Tetanus - Tetanus

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Tetanus - Tetanus
Tetanus - Tetanus
Video: Tetanus - Tetanus
Video: Clostridium tetani (tetanus) - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology 2023, February
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Vaccination against tetanus

Tetanus (tetanus) is caused by tetanus bacteria (Clostridium tetani), which are mainly found in the earth (also potting soil), wood or dust. Since the pathogen occurs in the excretions of farm animals, it is also found in their surroundings. The pathogens can be transmitted even in the event of the smallest injuries, such as a rose thorn sting, cuts or abrasions.

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Tetanus bacteria

In the case of infection, general symptoms such as sweating or pulling on the wound occur after an incubation period of approx. Four to 14 days. This is followed by cramps (spasms) of the muscles (lock jaw). Paralyzes of the respiratory muscles are absolutely life-threatening. The shorter the incubation period, the higher the death rate. Despite the best medical care, 20 to 30 percent of those suffering from tetanus die.

Vaccination

  • Child vaccination: The tetanus vaccination is included in the free vaccination program. As part of the six-fold vaccination, the tetanus vaccination is given in the 3rd, 5th and 12th (-14th) month of life. In school age, the combination vaccination of diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis) and polio (polio) is repeated in the 7th (-9th) year of life.
  • Adult vaccination : After the basic vaccination in infancy and booster vaccination in school age, a booster vaccination with a combination vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis) and polio should be given every ten years up to the age of 60, and every five years from the age of 60.

Vaccination schedule

  • Basic immunization in the 1st year of life: 2 + 1 scheme: 2nd dose after 2 months, 3rd dose 6–12 months after the 2nd vaccination.
  • Basic vaccination from the age of 1. Year of life: 2nd dose after 1–2 months, 3rd dose 6–12 months after the 2nd dose.
  • Booster vaccination at school age, then every 10 years, or every 5 years from the age of 60.
  • In the event of failure and an interval of up to 20 years, the vaccination will be made up for with a single dose. If the interval between the last vaccination is 20 years or more, a booster vaccination with a serological vaccination test is recommended.

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