Emergency: Eye Burns - First Aid

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Emergency: Eye Burns - First Aid
Emergency: Eye Burns - First Aid

Video: Emergency: Eye Burns - First Aid

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Video: Burns - First Aid 2023, January

Emergency: burns to the eye

Chemical burns to the eyes can be caused by various chemicals - acids and alkalis. These substances are used both in the home and in many work areas, for example in the form of caustic soda, ammonia, acetic acid, etc.

They can be found in many products, such as cleaning agents and detergents, decalcifying agents, car batteries and much more. Lime burns are also very common when lime mortar gets into the improperly unprotected eye during concrete mixing, for example when building a house.

Chemical burns can quickly destroy cells. In particular, alkalis penetrate into the deeper layers of the eye and can cause serious damage to the eye and even blindness. The longer the substance works, the worse it is for the eye. Acting quickly and applying first aid measures are essential. Lay rescuers at the scene of the accident should begin the measures immediately.


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  • How is a burn of the eye expressed?
  • How can I provide first aid?
  • Interesting facts about chemical burns to the eye

How is a burn of the eye expressed?

A splash can be enough for a chemical burn. Depending on the substance and concentration, different symptoms appear:

  • Redness
  • swelling
  • (strong pain
  • Eyelid cramp
  • Tears

Note In particularly severe cases of burns, pain may also be absent.

How can I provide first aid?

The shorter the time the substance takes effect, the better. Measures should therefore be taken immediately after the incident!

  • Dial the emergency number 144.
  • Lay the injured person flat, e.g. on the floor. Have a towel or something similar ready to soak up any dripping liquid.
  • Rinse the burned eye immediately with clear - preferably running - water. To do this, turn your head to the side, hold your eye and pour water into the inner corner of the eye (from a height of about 10 cm) so that it can flow over the eyeball to the outer corner of the eye. Special flushing devices and eye showers are available at some workplaces.
  • Rinse abundantly! Continue flushing for at least 10–15 minutes.

Note Lime / cement must be removed mechanically from the eye or rinsed with buffer solution.

Interesting facts about chemical burns to the eye

At endangered workplaces there are mostly flushing devices with flushing liquids or special eye showers so that first aid measures can be taken. Employees should be familiar with their correct application.

Chemical burns must be treated by a doctor, severe chemical burns in the hospital (eye clinic). If possible, rinsing should continue during transport.

In general: prevention is better than treatment! Therefore take appropriate measures! Observe protective regulations and safety measures when handling chemicals (e.g. eye protection through tightly fitting protective goggles suitable for the work, etc.)!

For more information on emergencies caused by chemicals, cleaning products, etc., see Child poisoning: household products and chemicals

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