Baby Teeth: Dental Care Right From The Start

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Baby Teeth: Dental Care Right From The Start
Baby Teeth: Dental Care Right From The Start
Video: Baby Teeth: Dental Care Right From The Start
Video: Kids dental care - When to start BRUSHING BABY TEETH and how to do it © 2023, February

Baby teeth: dental care right from the start

The deciduous teeth consist of 20 deciduous teeth, which gradually erupt from around the sixth month of life in babies. It can take up to three years for all of the teeth to appear. Even if they are not yet visible, the first teeth are already laid in the child's jaw during pregnancy. Even if it is “only” milk teeth in children, they need careful care, because their enamel is softer and not yet sufficiently mature. Therefore, they need special protection against tooth decay…


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  • The deciduous teeth
  • When do the milk teeth fall out?
  • Functions of the milk teeth
  • Dental care from the first tooth
  • The right toothbrush
  • From what age to the dentist?

The deciduous teeth

Every child has their own “timetable”. It may well be that children either “teething” early or, conversely, keep their first teeth waiting for a long time.

The deciduous teeth consist of:

  • four incisors in the upper jaw
  • four incisors in the lower jaw
  • two canines in the upper jaw
  • two canines in the lower jaw
  • four molars in the upper jaw
  • four molars in the lower jaw

The order in which the milk teeth erupt is given. The first teeth are the lower incisors. Then the milk molars show up followed by the canines.

When do the milk teeth fall out?

When the second teeth are pushed in, the milk teeth fall out. The first milk teeth (the incisors) usually fall out between the ages of five and seven, the last between the ages of eleven and twelve.

Note The age data are average values. With some children the change of teeth happens earlier, with others it can take a little longer. As a rule, girls are a little earlier than boys.

Functions of the milk teeth

The primary task of the milk teeth is to chop up food and act as a placeholder for the permanent teeth, but the small teeth are also important for language development. Many sounds are made by the interaction of the tongue and teeth.

The milk teeth have a decisive influence on the correct position of the permanent teeth. They are placeholders for the remaining “second”. If a milk tooth is lost too early, it can no longer take over the placeholder function and the neighboring teeth can tip over into the gap. The permanent tooth cannot then fit into the intended place in the row of teeth - this can result in misalignments. For this reason, dental regulation must often be carried out at a young age, which could be avoided with proper care, regular dentist visits and appropriate care of the milk teeth.

Dental care from the first tooth

Baby teeth need careful care because they have softer and insufficiently matured enamel. Therefore, they need special protection against tooth decay. Because even if the small teeth fall out again, there is a risk that existing caries bacteria will be transferred to the permanent teeth. Healthy milk teeth are a prerequisite for healthy second teeth. In addition, even small teeth can cause great pain.

As soon as the first tooth has erupted, careful maintenance must begin. In the first year of life, experts recommend cleaning the milk teeth once a day - preferably before going to bed. To start with, a soft cloth or cotton swab is sufficient to clean the teeth. If you already want to use the baby-suitable toothbrush, you should make sure that the gums are not injured by brushing. From the age of two, teeth should be cleaned twice a day with children's toothpaste containing fluoride.

A healthy diet also plays an important role in preventing tooth damage from the outset. Sugary drinks and food are not only "fattening", they also damage teeth. Here you can find more information about dental care for infants and children.

Note Caries bacteria are transferable! Parents who lick spoons or pacifiers and then give them to their children run the risk of passing on caries bacteria to their children!

The right toothbrush

It is important that every child has their own children's toothbrush from the start. When buying, the following points should be considered:

  • The brush head should be soft and small.
  • The bristles should be rounded and made of plastic.
  • The toothbrush should have a thick handle so that your child can hold it tightly.

Note Since small children are not yet able to do this in terms of their motor skills, the parents should, however, clean their teeth in the child's first years of life.

Here you will find further information on the correct cleaning technique for children.

From what age to the dentist?

The first check-up at the dentist's is recommended in the first year of life - but it can also be carried out as soon as the first milk teeth appear. The first appointment with the dentist is primarily intended to provide information. During the visit to the dentist, the dentist informs the parents about dental care, nutrition, pacifiers, etc. Another advantage: if treatment is necessary, the children are already familiar with the dental practice.

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