Dental Care - How To Brush Properly

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Dental Care - How To Brush Properly
Dental Care - How To Brush Properly
Video: Dental Care - How To Brush Properly
Video: How to Brush Your Teeth Animation MCM 2023, February

Dental care - how to brush properly

Whether hard, soft, hot or cold food, our teeth help us every day to chop food into portions that are suitable for the stomach. In order for the teeth to be able to fulfill this task well into old age, it is necessary to care for them daily. This is the only way to prevent damage. Find out which toothbrush is the "right" one - manual toothbrush or electric…


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  • more on the subject
  • Advice, downloads & tools
  • When and how often do you clean?
  • It depends on the cleaning technique
  • The right toothbrush
  • Manual toothbrush - or is it electric?
  • How often should I change my toothbrush?
  • The ideal cleaning time

When and how often do you clean?

Thorough cleaning with a toothbrush is therefore an indispensable basis for maintaining your teeth. There are some basic rules to follow:

  • "After eating - don't forget to brush your teeth". This motto describes the ideal case of how often we should brush our teeth a day. However, since this is not always possible in everyday life, chewing gum that is gentle on the teeth can provide a remedy. Chewing stimulates the flow of saliva and causes the acids formed by the bacteria to be rendered ineffective. But rinsing your mouth with water after eating also helps to keep the bacteria in check.
  • As a minimum, however, the “2x2 formula” applies: Brush your teeth at least twice a day for two minutes each time - once in the morning after breakfast and once in the evening before going to bed.

It depends on the cleaning technique

When cleaning your teeth, not only food residues but also bacterial plaque should be removed. The plaque is formed by the bacteria in the mouth within a few hours and is hardly visible. Together with the bacteria, the dental plaque is responsible for both tooth decay and periodontitis.

To remove the plaque, the toothbrush alone is often not enough, as the brush head does not always reach all areas. A weak point where tooth decay easily forms is the spaces between the teeth. To ensure that these are also adequately cleaned, experts recommend the use of dental floss or interdental brushes (suitable for larger gaps between the teeth). The cleaning of the interdental spaces reduces the susceptibility to tooth decay as well as diseases of the tooth supporting system (periodontal diseases).

Note If you use dental floss or interdental brushes incorrectly, you can injure your teeth and gums. Let your dentist show you how to use it correctly in the office. Prof interdental brushes are available in different strengths. The correct thickness can be determined with measuring gauges in the ordination, because brushes that are too thin do not clean properly and too thick brushes can cause damage to the teeth and gums.

Here you will find an overview of various dental floss products.

For more information on tooth decay, gingivitis, and periodontal disease, see Dental Diseases.

The right toothbrush

Good oral hygiene doesn't just include daily brushing and the right brushing technique - a suitable toothbrush also plays an important role.

When buying a toothbrush today, there is a wide range to choose from. There are toothbrushes with oscillating heads through to short heads, toothbrushes with straight through to rounded bristles, manual toothbrushes with vibration through to electric toothbrushes. So what is the right toothbrush? When buying a toothbrush, special attention should be paid to the bristles and the toothbrush head.

Note There are special toothbrushes and attachments for braces wearers that help with gentle and thorough cleaning!

Toothbrush bristles

When buying a toothbrush, the “hardness” of the bristles plays an important role. This is usually divided into soft, medium or hard. If the gums are healthy, experts recommend a medium-hard brush. If the gums are diseased, a toothbrush with hard bristles can cause bleeding gums. For reasons of hygiene, the bristles of the toothbrush should be made of plastic. Natural bristles are hollow on the inside and therefore carry bacteria.

Toothbrush head

Toothbrush head

The ideal toothbrush has a small brush head (length approx. Two to three cm) in order to reach even hard-to-reach tooth angles and interdental spaces. With manual toothbrushes it is important to pay attention to rounded plastic bristles.

Note To protect the toothbrush from germ deposits, it is important to rinse it thoroughly with clear water after each use and to place it upside down in the toothbrush tumbler.

Manual toothbrush - or is it electric?

With the right brushing technique, hand and electric toothbrushes clean equally well.

However, people with no motor skills achieve better results with electric toothbrushes because they are easier to use. There are both rotating-oscillating devices (the brush head turns back and forth) and so-called sonic toothbrushes (the brush head "vibrates" at the speed of sound).

Which of the two methods is more efficient is still controversial among experts. The ultrasonic toothbrushes offered now and then (especially on the Internet), however, do not seem to be as effective as the ultrasonic vibrations cannot develop properly when using commercially available toothpastes.

The same rules apply to the bristle head of the electric toothbrush as to manual toothbrushes:

  • small head
  • medium bristle thickness (for sensitive gums: soft bristles)
  • rounded plastic bristles

Note Electric toothbrushes are particularly suitable for children and the elderly because of their easy handling and good cleaning results. With manual toothbrushes, care must be taken not to press too hard, as this can damage the tooth enamel.

How often should I change my toothbrush?

Toothbrushes have a limited lifespan that can range from a few weeks to a few months. Once the bristles are apart, the toothbrush should be replaced. It no longer brushes properly and the protruding bristles can damage the gums. In addition, protruding bristles suggest that the toothbrush pressure is too great. This can damage the teeth and gums. In this case, you should switch to an electric toothbrush.

Note Experts recommend changing your toothbrush at least every two months. Many toothbrushes now have so-called “indicator bristles” that change color to indicate when to switch to a new brush.

The ideal cleaning time

Both an electric toothbrush and a manual toothbrush should invest at least two to three minutes in cleaning.

BUT: Brushing your teeth too long and vigorously has a negative effect on the tooth enamel. In a study by Newcastle University (published in 2003 in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology), scientists found that the tooth enamel is attacked after brushing for two minutes or more. And too much pressure could damage the gums instead of brushing away the bacteria, according to the researchers.

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