Nurse - Carer - Occupation

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Nurse - Carer - Occupation
Nurse - Carer - Occupation
Video: Nurse - Carer - Occupation
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Health and nurse

The area of ​​responsibility of the qualified health and nurse includes the care and support of sick people of all ages with physical and mental illnesses, people with special needs, the seriously ill and the dying. In addition, they deal with prevention, health promotion and health advice in the context of care.

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  • Continue reading
  • more on the subject
  • Official job title
  • Tasks and work areas
  • Solid education
  • How are the costs going to be covered?
  • Informative links
  • Legal basis

Official job title

Graduated health and nurse. In everyday parlance, they are also referred to as “nurses” or “nurses”, albeit not in keeping with the times. The umbrella term is "Higher service for health and nursing".

Tasks and work areas

Graduated health and nurses work in all areas of health care, such as nursing, diagnosis, therapy and rehabilitation as well as health promotion and prevention. The core nursing skills in general health and nursing care are diverse and include, among other things:

  • the independent assessment of the need for care and assessment of care dependency,
  • the diagnosis, planning, organization, implementation, control and evaluation of all nursing measures (nursing process) in all forms of care and care levels,
  • prevention, health promotion and health advice in the context of care,
  • nursing research as well
  • Preparation of reports as part of the care allowance classification.

The competencies in emergencies include recognizing and assessing emergencies and taking appropriate measures and taking responsibility for immediate life-saving measures as long as and insofar as a doctor is not available.

Emergency life saving measures include in particular

  • Chest compressions and ventilation,
  • Performing defibrillation with semi-automatic devices or devices in semi-automatic mode as well
  • Administration of oxygen.

Another task of the high-level service for health and nursing is to collaborate in medical-diagnostic and therapeutic measures. Nurses and nurses work closely with doctors and share responsibility. The prerequisite for this is that there is a medical order that delegates these activities to the higher-level service. These activities, which affect both children and adults, include, for example:

  • Administration of drugs, including cytostatics and contrast agents,
  • Preparation and administration of injections / infusions,
  • Puncture and blood sampling from the capillaries, the peripheral venous vascular system, the radial artery (hand) and the dorsal pedis artery (foot) as well
  • Taking blood from the central nervous vascular system with the vascular access lying flat,
  • Administering whole blood and blood components,
  • Insertion of feeding tubes and much more

Cooperation with other health professions is another area of ​​responsibility, particularly in the prevention of illnesses and accidents, in health promotion and in preparation for hospital discharge (discharge management).

In addition, there are special areas for which additional training is required. These include, for example, child and youth care, psychiatric health and nursing care, intensive care, but also teaching and management tasks. For more information, see Health and Nursing: Specializations & Special Education.

Where do nurses work?

Qualified health and nurses work in various health and social care facilities, e.g. in hospitals, medical practices, nursing homes, facilities for the disabled, in home nursing or in primary care. You can work in an employment relationship or as a freelancer.

Solid education

The three-year training to qualify as a qualified health and nurse takes place at universities of applied sciences in a bachelor's degree and at schools for health and nursing (until the end of 2023). Successful completion of the training ends with the academic degree of Bachelor of Science in Health Studies (BSc) or with a diploma. In order to stay up to date in nursing science and medical science, there is an obligation to continue training. There is also further training to expand and deepen the knowledge and skills acquired in the training. These include, for example, home nursing, palliative care, wound management, aroma care, diabetes advice, pain management, etc.

For certain tasks, such as teaching, management and special tasks (e.g. intensive care units, operating theater, kidney replacement therapy), appropriate special training or another training recognized by the BMSGPK must be completed. A university education is required for the function of a nursing manager.

Since July 2018, the mandatory registration for qualified nurses has been in effect in the health professions register.

How are the costs going to be covered?

In the hospital

If you are cared for by a qualified health care professional while you are in hospital, the costs are covered by your health insurance provider. For more information, see Hospitalization.

In home nursing

In home nursing, nurses are responsible for nursing care, the implementation of medical-diagnostic and therapeutic measures and their organization. They also take care of the deployment of other employees in the care and support as well as the training of the people and relatives they care for.

With the costs for home nursing, the person being cared for is usually financially responsible. Federal states and / or municipalities or municipalities grant grants. The actual funding varies from state to state; the social department of the state government provides specific information. Information can also be found on the respective health and social pages of the federal states and at the info service of the Ministry of Social Affairs. Further information on the range of social services and links to the authorities can be found at www.oesterreich.gv.at.

The so-called "medical home nursing"- if this has been prescribed by a doctor - is generally paid by health insurance providers for a maximum of four weeks. If there is a medical justification, medical home nursing can be approved by the chief physician for a longer period of time (medical certificate required). There are then no costs for the patient. Any further use of home nursing or those without a permit is subject to a charge. You can find more information on this on the social security website.

Care allowance and services

The care allowance is available for people with a certain level of care needs. This earmarked grant serves to cover the additional expenses arising from the need for care. You can find more information about the amount of the care allowance, how to apply and the requirements at www.oesterreich.gv.at.

For people in need of care, their relatives and all persons who are concerned with questions of care, the Ministry of Social Affairs provides the following service facility on the Internet:

Internet platform for family carers

The platform offers people in need of care and their relatives worth knowing about care at home and provides basic information on care-related topics as well as answers to frequently asked questions. More at www.pflegedaheim.at.

Informative links

  • Brochure health professions in Austria from the BMSGPK.
  • Information on health professions on the BMSGPK website.
  • Website of the Austrian Health and Nursing Association.
  • Information on care on the BMSGPK website.

Legal basis

You can find relevant laws in the Legal Information System (RIS):

  • Health and Nursing Act, Federal Law Gazette I No. 108/1997, as amended
  • Health and Nursing Training Ordinance, Federal Law Gazette II No. 179/1999, as amended
  • Health and Nursing Further Education Ordinance, Federal Law Gazette II No. 453/2006, as amended
  • Health and Nursing Special Tasks Ordinance, Federal Law Gazette II No. 452/2005, as amended
  • Health and Nursing Part-Time Training Ordinance, Federal Law Gazette II No. 455/2006, as amended
  • FH Health and Nursing Training Ordinance, Federal Law Gazette II, No. 200/2008, as amended
  • Health and Nursing EEA Proof of Qualification Ordinance 2008 - GuK-EWRV 2008, Federal Law Gazette II No. 193/2008, as amended
  • University of Applied Sciences Studies Act, Federal Law Gazette No. 340/1993, as amended
  • Health Professions Register Act, Federal Law Gazette I No. 87/2016, as amended

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