Asthma Prevention

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Asthma Prevention
Asthma Prevention
Video: Asthma Prevention
Video: How to Prevent Asthma Symptoms 2023, February

Asthma: prevention

Existing hypersensitivity or even complaints that indicate a respiratory disease should be medically clarified as quickly as possible. This is the only way to prevent a deterioration in the state of health and the possible development of asthma symptoms. Known asthma-inducing substances or asthma-aggravating situations should be avoided if possible.


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  • Advice, downloads & tools
  • Which diseases favor asthma?
  • What is the influence of lifestyle and the environment?
  • It is essential to prevent infections
  • Whom can I ask?

Which diseases favor asthma?

Certain diseases can - if left untreated - promote the development of asthma. These include allergies or allergy-related diseases. It is therefore important to have complaints (long-term cough, sputum, etc.) medically clarified and treated in good time.

  • Allergies: An allergy is an overreaction of the body's immune system. When it comes into contact with a substance that is harmless in itself, the body reacts with an excessive immunological reaction and usually produces specific defense substances (antibodies). This triggers the allergic reaction and specific complaints and can lead to different clinical pictures: neurodermatitis, food allergies, hay fever (allergic rhinitis), inflammation of the paranasal sinuses (sinusitis) Since an allergy is a systemic disease, i.e. affects the entire organism, it can also be an inflammatory reaction cause in the bronchi. Therefore, allergies and allergy-related diseases increase susceptibility to asthma.
  • Bronchitis: Acute bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes that is triggered by pathogens such as viruses or, more rarely, bacteria. Bronchitis occurs mainly in the cold season and can be associated with other infections. Acute bronchitis usually heals with the right therapy. If bronchitis does not heal despite therapeutic efforts, one speaks of chronic bronchitis. Bronchitis that is not treated or not treated adequately can worsen asthma symptoms. For more information, see bronchitis.

What is the influence of lifestyle and the environment?

Lifestyle and environmental conditions play an important role in health. Since we can influence some of them ourselves, they are particularly important for prevention. Asthma diseases are increasing worldwide. Changes in diet and lifestyle, as well as the inhalation of cigarette smoke, are considered to be the main reasons for this trend.


A balanced, healthy (vitamin-rich, calorie-conscious, low-meat) diet is important for preventive health care, but also in the event of illness. In addition, scientific studies show that being overweight makes asthma treatment difficult. Weight loss is therefore beneficial for asthma sufferers. You can find more information on healthy eating as well as helpful links, downloads and contact points under Nutrition.


Regular physical activity has many positive effects: It improves performance and resilience and helps maintain normal body weight or lose weight. A regular, individual training program can - in consultation with the treating doctor - be an important part of asthma therapy. Sports that are gentle on the bronchi include gymnastics, jogging, cycling or swimming in warm water. You can find more information and interesting links on the subject under Movement.

Danger! Strongly chlorinated water can cause asthma symptoms!


So far, there is a lack of scientific evidence that psychological stress can be the cause of asthma or allergies. However, it has been proven that stress weakens the immune system and can worsen asthma symptoms. It is therefore helpful not to put yourself under unnecessary pressure and consciously avoid stress or counteract it with relaxation techniques. For more information, see Stress and Recovery.


Smoking disturbs the function of the cilia of the bronchial mucosa. As a result, the bronchi are no longer self-cleaning sufficiently. Therefore, smokers are more prone to respiratory diseases. These are often more severe or can become chronic. Smokers have a particularly high risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of damage to the health of the unborn child. Maternal smoking is the only repeatedly proven risk factor for the development of asthma.

Children with parents who smoke suffer more from respiratory diseases, asthma and otitis media. Scientific research has shown that cigarette smoke reduces the effectiveness of drug anti-inflammatory asthma treatments. Patients with asthma should therefore never smoke actively or passively and avoid smoky rooms!

You can find out how to say goodbye to the glowing stick under Smoking.

Ecological damage

Environmental factors such as air pollution and the increased use of chemicals contribute to the increase in respiratory diseases in industrialized countries. The influence on the development or deterioration of asthma has been proven for the following air pollutants:

  • Fine dust such as diesel soot particles
  • Nitrogen oxides, ozone,
  • Tobacco smoke (indoors),
  • atmospheric airborne dusts (in the outside air).

For more information on air pollutants, see Air Pollution & Health.

It is essential to prevent infections

Infections can weaken the entire organism. In the event of hypersensitivity or a respiratory disease, appropriate preventive health care will help prevent inflammatory reactions and infections. Existing health risks can thereby be reduced and a deterioration in the state of health prevented.

In particular, experts advise older people over the age of 60, people with chronic diseases (e.g. diabetes mellitus) and people with weakened immune systems to be vaccinated against influenza and pneumococci.

Whom can I ask?

If you suspect an illness, you should contact one of the following offices immediately:

  • General Practitioner,
  • Specialist in pulmonary medicine,
  • Specialist in ear, nose and throat diseases,
  • Specialist in paediatrics and adolescent medicine.

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