Exercise Benefits - Health Benefits

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Exercise Benefits - Health Benefits
Exercise Benefits - Health Benefits
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Video: Top 10 Benefits of Exercise | Health Benefits of Exercise 2023, February
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The health benefits of exercise

Physical activity is an important building block for a healthy life, because: Movement affects the whole body. Only with sufficient activity can the normal function of most of the vital organs be maintained, the energy balance in balance and the body weight in the normal range. This is the only way we can maintain or improve our physical performance.

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  • How movement affects the body
  • Exercise promotes health
  • Movement lowers the risk of illness
  • Therapy and rehab: this is how movement works

Exercise counteracts most health risk factors, but lack of exercise promotes it. Whether we stay healthy depends largely on whether we have been moving for a lifetime.

How movement affects the body

The following table shows how exercise or a lack of exercise affect the body and the organ systems.

Influence of movement on Move Sedentary lifestyle
Energy turnover increases sinks
Body weight (with constant calorie intake) decreases increases
Cardiovascular system becomes more powerful gets weaker
endurance improves deteriorates
Blood pressure sinks increases
Fat metabolism improves deteriorates
Total cholesterol sinks increases
LDL cholesterol sinks increases
HDL cholesterol increases sinks
Triglycerides sink climb
Sugar metabolism improves deteriorates
Insulin levels sinks does not sink
Blood sugar level sinks does not sink
Locomotor system becomes more powerful gets weaker
Muscle strength improves deteriorates
Bone density increases decreases
Support function, stability improves deteriorates
Mobility, resilience of the joints increases decreases
Immune defense improves deteriorates
Brain functions improve deteriorate
Cerebral blood flow improves deteriorates
New formation of nerve cells is funded is not funded
psyche antidepressant effect no antidepressant effect

Further information on the scientifically proven health benefits of regular physical activity - from toddlers to old age - can be found in the Austrian recommendations for physical activity from the Healthy Austria Fund.

Exercise promotes health

Energy expenditure has a central influence on the health and fitness of the entire body because it influences most of the other known risk factors, e.g. the percentage of body fat (abdominal circumference), bone density, insulin sensitivity, blood lipids and blood pressure. Strength and endurance, on the other hand, are fundamental requirements for physical performance.

From around the age of 35, the body's performance begins to decline due to natural aging processes. The risk of adverse health effects therefore increases with age. Physical inactivity causes or promotes these degradation processes. Adequate exercise and targeted training help to lower the risk factors for diseases and to age healthily.

Certain effects of exercise can occur after a short time, for example muscle strength and fat metabolism improve in about four to six weeks after the start of training. In order to reduce the risk of illness and to be able to live in health for as long as possible, physical activity must be carried out regularly, to the right extent and for a lifetime.

Note The Austrian recommendations for physical activity from the Healthy Austria Fund show the extent to which regular physical activity is recommended for various target groups.

Movement lowers the risk of illness

As studies - including by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Department of Health and Human Services - have shown, exercise lowers the risk of many widespread and often chronic diseases and injuries. These include:

  • Cardiovascular diseases (e.g. heart attack, stroke or high blood pressure)
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Cancer (especially of colon, lung, breast, uterine, stomach, esophagus, kidney, bladder and prostate cancer)
  • depression
  • dementia
  • Infectious diseases
  • Hip fractures
  • Falls

Therapy and rehab: this is how movement works

Exercise can help cure many diseases or alleviate symptoms if it is used in a targeted manner, similar to a drug. The prerequisite for the targeted application is the knowledge of which physical effects can be triggered by movement and why. In other words: which exercise dose causes which reaction in the body?

Different training measures, for example the training of motor skills such as endurance, strength, flexibility or coordination, have different effects on the body. The severity of a patient's illness or his / her physical fitness also influence the success of an exercise measure. These factors are taken into account in a medical prescription in order to be able to use movement specifically in therapy and rehabilitation, e.g. movement therapy.

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