Doctor - Doctor - Occupation

Table of contents:

Doctor - Doctor - Occupation
Doctor - Doctor - Occupation


Doctors practice their profession on the basis of medical-scientific knowledge and experience. Your activities are carried out directly on or indirectly for people. Doctors must be entered in the list of doctors in order to exercise their profession. This is managed by the Austrian Medical Association. There are also special forms of medical professional practice, such as emergency doctors, e.g. in the context of the rescue service or police doctors. These professional activities are regulated separately and require special requirements and advanced training (e.g. emergency doctor courses).


  • Continue reading
  • more on the subject
  • Official job title
  • Tasks and work areas
  • Solid education
  • How are the costs going to be covered?
  • Informative links
  • Legal basis

Official job title

  • General Practitioner or
  • Specialist,
  • Regular doctors are in training to become a doctor for general medicine or a specialist in a specialty.

Tasks and work areas

This mainly includes:

  • Examination for the presence or absence of physical and mental illnesses or disorders, disabilities or deformities and anomalies that are of a pathological nature,
  • Assessment of the conditions described above using medical diagnostic aids,
  • Treatment of the conditions described above,
  • Disease prevention,
  • Prescription of medical aids and aids as well as medical-diagnostic aids,
  • Performing operations including taking or infusing blood,
  • Obstetrics and the use of reproductive medicine measures,
  • Scientific work, research and teaching as well
  • Carrying out funeral openings.

Doctors can also - provided they are authorized to practice as a freelance professional - write medical reports and certificates. Freelance practice of the medical profession is only permitted for general practitioners (and licensed doctors) and specialists.

Where do doctors work?

Doctors work freelance or in an employment relationship in various areas of the health care system:

  • Ordination (practice) or group practice,
  • Hospitals (including university clinics),
  • Outpatient clinics,
  • Rescue services,
  • Rehabilitation or spa facilities,
  • District and municipal authorities,
  • Armed Forces as well
  • Police.

But doctors can also be found in many other fields of activity, e.g. in occupational medicine, in schools, in research, planning and quality assurance, in the pharmaceutical industry or in insurance.

Solid education

Doctors have to go through a long period of training. First, they complete a six-year (twelve semester) diploma (master’s program) in human medicine at a medical university, medical faculty of a university or an accredited private university (doctorate in all medicine). This is followed by training as a doctor for general medicine or training as a specialist doctor:

As part of their training, general practitioners must complete at least nine months of practical training (basic training) to impart basic clinical skills in surgical and conservative fields. This is followed by practical training lasting at least thirty-three months as part of an employment relationship in a recognized training facility (including hospitals, clinics, medical universities, teaching practices). Afterwards, they must successfully pass the general practitioner examination.

Specialists must also complete at least nine months of practical training (basic training) as part of their training to impart basic clinical skills in surgical and conservative fields. The training to become a specialist is followed by at least sixty-three months of training in recognized training institutions (including hospitals, clinics, medical universities, teaching practices) with special basic training and specialization. The specialist examination must then be passed successfully.

After their training, doctors are obliged to continue their training. Training courses are organized by the medical associations, scientific societies, hospitals and other recognized institutions. In addition, doctors can acquire special diplomas from the Austrian Medical Association (e.g. for acupuncture) and certificates (e.g. for sonography) as part of recognized further training.

How are the costs going to be covered?

In the hospital

Medical costs incurred during an inpatient stay, which also include medical services, are covered by social insurance and the respective federal state. You can find more information under What does the hospital stay cost?

During a rehabilitation or spa stay

If you are treated by a doctor during a rehabilitation or spa stay approved by social insurance, the costs are covered. For stays at a spa, however, the insured must make additional payments - depending on the income situation. You can find more information on this on the social security website You can find useful information about the spa stay and the associated costs under Rehabilitation and spa stay.

In the resident area

Contract doctors have concluded contracts with the health insurance carriers. As a patient, there are no costs for treatment in a medical practice (medical practices have a contract with your health insurance company). However, some social security institutions provide a deductible for medical services (with exceptions). Services that are not covered by the health insurance providers must also be paid privately by the patients to the contracted doctors.

If you make use of the services of an elective doctor, you pay the fee directly to the doctor. Some of these costs will be reimbursed to you by your health insurance provider upon request. For more information on the costs of a doctor's visit, see

Costs and deductibles.

Informative links

  • Austrian Medical Association:
  • Austrian Academy of Doctors (special diplomas etc.)

BMSGPK brochure on health professions:

Legal basis

You can find relevant laws in the Legal Information System (RIS):

  • Physicians Act 1998, BGBI. I No. 169/1998, as amended
  • Medical training regulations 2015, Federal Law Gazette II No. 147/2015, as amended
  • Ordinance on Medical Universities in Austria (Medical Universities Ordinance 2016 - MUVO 2016), Federal Law Gazette II No. 408/2015, as amended
  • Ordinance on the occupational medical training of doctors, BGBI. No. 489/1995, as amended
  • University Act 2002, BGBI. No. I 120, as amended

There are also other ordinances issued by the Austrian Medical Association, which can be found at