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It is a firm starter for crunchy salads: the iceberg lettuce with its robust leaves and refreshing taste is a popular leafy salad. Compared to other salads, it can be stored for a long time and remains crunchy. As a whole, the iceberg lettuce can be kept in the vegetable compartment in the refrigerator for up to two weeks. Batavia lettuce is a variety of iceberg lettuce. It has slightly curled leaves that are slightly softer than iceberg lettuce…
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- Use and preparation
Salads are roughly assigned to the lettuce or chicory family. The iceberg lettuce, together with head lettuce, oak leaf, romaine lettuce and lollo bianco and rosso is a lettuce family. Such salads are mainly available in spring and summer. Chicory salads, on the other hand, are more typical in autumn and winter; they usually have a slightly bitter taste. Chicory salads are, for example, endive and frisée salad as well as chicory, radicchio and sugar loaf.
Lettuce such as iceberg lettuce are daisy family (Asteraceae). In contrast to lettuce, cut or pick salads, which are harvested leaf by leaf, they form a head. This arises on a compressed shoot on which a leaf rosette is formed by more or less dense overlapping of leaves. In the middle there is a denser bud. The heads are harvested before flowering. If you miss the right harvest time, things can happen quickly, because the lettuce shoots up and forms a flower sprout. The salad then tastes bitter and is no longer suitable for consumption. Iceberg lettuce, also called ice cream, bummerl, crash or crack salad, forms a head weighing up to 800 grams and 20 centimeters wide. The leaves are placed close together and the head is tightly closed.The leaves are light to dark green, inside the head of the lettuce they are yellowish-light to white. The lettuce leaves have a firm structure and are coarse.
Batavia lettuce is a variety of iceberg lettuce. It has slightly curled leaves that are slightly softer than iceberg lettuce. His head is not as tightly closed and much looser. Batavia has light to dark green leaves, there are also reddish-brown varieties. Home-grown iceberg salads are available from June to November.
Note The iceberg lettuce got its name because it used to be cooled with pieces of ice during transport.
Iceberg lettuce is very low in calories at 13 kilocalories per 100 grams. In addition to vitamins and minerals, it also provides valuable fiber. It contains vitamin C, folic acid and other B group vitamins as well as the mineral potassium.
Like many other vegetables, iceberg lettuce stores nitrate, which can be converted into nitrosamine in the body. The less light the lettuce thrives, the more nitrate it stores. If consumed in normal amounts, the exposure does not pose a health risk. By consuming vitamin C at the same time, the conversion into nitrosamine can be inhibited, for example dressing with lemon juice.
|per 100 g edible
|per 100 g edible
|Energy (kcal)||13||Iron (mg)||0.4|
|Fat (g)||0.3||Vitamin A (µg)||73|
|Protein (g)||0.7||Vitamin B1 (mg)||0.11|
|Carbohydrates (g)||1.9||Vitamin B2 (mg)||0.01|
|Dietary fiber (g)||0.6||Niacin (mg)||0.03|
|Potassium (mg)||160||Vitamin B6 (mg)||0.03|
|Calcium (mg)||19th||Vitamin C (mg)||15th|
|Magnesium (mg)||5||Folic acid (µg)||53|
Use and preparation
Iceberg lettuce can be used in the kitchen on its own or combined with other vegetables to make a wide variety of salads. In many, mostly cold snacks, it provides a crunchy component, for example in filled rolls, wraps, pasta salads and much more. Whole leaves are also suitable as decorative bowls for spreads or dips.
The outer leaves should be removed before processing. As little or no dirt collects in the tightly closed leaves, iceberg lettuce is “naturally clean”. However, it is recommended to wash the leaves. In contrast to other salads, iceberg lettuce can be prepared well with dressing or marinade. Because of its robust leaves, it does not collapse so quickly.
As a whole, the iceberg lettuce can be kept in the vegetable compartment in the refrigerator for up to two weeks. Already cut and stored in a plastic bag, it will last up to a week. The cut surfaces are best covered with kitchen foil.
Note Make sure your head is firm and closed when shopping. The cut stalk should look fresh and not be dark in color.