Exercise Therapy

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Exercise Therapy
Exercise Therapy

Video: Exercise Therapy

Video: Exercise Therapy
Video: Core Strength: Physical Therapy for the Spine 2023, March

Exercise therapy

An acute medical event or chronic illness requires specific medical treatment. After the therapy, the aim of rehabilitation is to support further healing, to make the patient fit for everyday life and to make it easier for them to start normal life. Sustainable success can be achieved through regular exercise and a lifestyle change. Exercise therapy is understood to mean physically indicated and prescribed exercise that is planned and dosed by specialist therapists under medical supervision and performed with the patient alone or in a group.


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  • Areas of application
  • The way to an individual exercise program
  • Whom can I ask?
  • How are the costs going to be covered?

Areas of application

Exercise or training therapy is used primarily for internal and neurological diseases (e.g. high blood pressure, condition after a heart attack or stroke, heart failure, etc.) and for diseases or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Movement is also an accompanying therapeutic measure in psychiatry. In the therapy program, patients can also be encouraged to exercise independently, as described in the exercise recommendations.

Note An important goal is for those affected to exercise more independently even after the end of rehabilitation. This helps to maintain health in the long term, prevent relapses or secondary diseases and improve wellbeing.

The way to an individual exercise program

A medical diagnosis is a prerequisite for a targeted exercise program for therapy support or rehabilitation. With the help of the medical history, an anamnesis interview and possibly further examinations, the doctor clarifies whether the patient's participation in an exercise program is indicated (indicated) or whether participation is possible at all. The examinations as part of a basic sports therapeutic diagnosis include performance diagnostics (e.g. bicycle ergometry) and tests of mobility, strength and coordination.

On the basis of the diagnosis, the doctor determines the training program precisely and prescribes certain training measures (e.g. ergometer training), the duration, the intensity and the frequency. The exercise therapy is planned and instructed by specially trained therapists (e.g. physiotherapists, sports scientists) and checked together with the doctor. In addition, exercise therapy measures can promote health-oriented behavior in those affected and achieve sustainable health literacy.

An important goal is for those affected to exercise more independently even after the end of rehabilitation. This helps to maintain health in the long term and to prevent relapses or secondary diseases.

Note In the case of all illnesses, a medical clarification is necessary before the implementation of specific exercise measures, during which, among other things, possible contraindications are checked and the individual training program is determined.

Whom can I ask?

In the case of certain illnesses, exercise therapy is offered as an inpatient or outpatient treatment during an inpatient stay or in rehabilitation. Depending on the clinical picture, various rehab facilities are available.

Physical therapies can also be carried out by resident physiotherapists as prescribed by a doctor.

Doctors in private practice also offer the planning and implementation of exercise or training therapy for certain diseases.

How are the costs going to be covered?

Under certain conditions and with certain indications, the social insurance institutions assume the costs of rehabilitation in a rehabilitation facility.

Physical therapies by resident specialists in physical medicine and by physiotherapists are paid for by the social security institutions under certain conditions.

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