Cystitis Symptoms - How To Recognize It Correctly

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Cystitis Symptoms - How To Recognize It Correctly
Cystitis Symptoms - How To Recognize It Correctly

Video: Cystitis Symptoms - How To Recognize It Correctly

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Video: Cystitis – Infectious Diseases | Lecturio 2023, January
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Cystitis: symptoms

Those affected feel pain and burning when urinating. The urge to urinate is above average and often very intense. It is often associated with the feeling that you can no longer hold your urine, even if only small amounts are in the bladder. The urine may be cloudy and have a strange odor. The pain of a urinary tract infection can radiate to the entire abdomen and back. In addition, there is usually a general feeling of illness with tiredness and exhaustion…

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  • Typical complaints of uncomplicated cystitis
  • Evidence of a complicated cystitis
  • Risk factors

Typical complaints of uncomplicated cystitis

The first, early signs of a urinary tract infection (UTI) are not always clear. Gradually the symptoms get worse. An uncomplicated UTI can be recognized by the following symptoms:

  • Pain when passing urine (dysuria),
  • frequent urination (pollakiuria),
  • the feeling that you can no longer hold your urine (imperative to urinate),
  • Pain in the lower abdomen.

Evidence of a complicated cystitis

If there are other symptoms in addition to the above, the infection may have spread to the kidneys - the result may be inflammation of the kidneys (pyelonephritis).

Care should be taken with symptoms such as:

  • Fever over 38 degrees Celsius,
  • Chills and / or
  • Flank pain (pain between the lower, side ribs and hips).

Risk factors

Bacteria can enter the urinary tract during intercourse and cause infections. In women, certain contraceptive methods, especially those that affect the vaginal flora, contribute to an easier development of an infection (e.g. spermicidal vaginal tablets or suppositories). Other factors include changes in hormone levels in post-menopause. Urinary tract infections can also develop during pregnancy. In men, urinary tract infections are more likely to be associated with age-related changes in the prostate.

Favorable factors for urinary tract infections:

  • female gender;
  • frequent sexual intercourse;
  • disturbed vaginal flora through the use of diaphragms or sperm-killing contraceptives (spermicide), intimate sprays or vaginal douches;
  • recent antibiotic therapy;
  • urinary tract infections already through, especially if they have occurred since youth;
  • Cases of urinary tract infections in the family (positive family history);
  • low estrogen level (eg in post-menopause): leads to changes in the pH value and a shift in the microbial colonization in the vagina (fewer lactobacilli, more enterobacteria);
  • Pregnancy: The otherwise harmless asymptomatic bacteriuria is common and can spread to inflammation of the renal pelvis. Such an infection is therefore always treated during pregnancy;
  • Disturbances in the excretion of urine (e.g. due to narrowing of the urinary tract);
  • Wearing a urinary catheter for more than three days;
  • in men, age-related changes in the prostate;
  • Diabetes mellitus with poorly controlled metabolism.

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