Unemployment Phases - Experience

Table of contents:

Unemployment Phases - Experience
Unemployment Phases - Experience

Video: Unemployment Phases - Experience

Video: Unemployment Phases - Experience
Video: Unemployment, a stage in life that I recommend: Juan Jiménez Rocabert at TEDxCibeles 2023, March

Unemployment: new beginning to resignation

Unemployment can affect anyone - yet it is a very personal and often negative experience. How the new situation in life is experienced and felt can vary greatly from person to person. Many of those affected go through several emotional and processing stages. The spectrum of possible phases is extensive. The longer unemployment lasts, the more confidence and positive (future) thoughts tend to decrease. Resignation can also arise. Appropriate coping strategies, the social environment as well as advice and support are particularly important in this situation.


  • Continue reading
  • more on the subject
  • Advice, downloads & tools
  • Recovery from shock
  • Self-doubt to resignation
  • Do not give up!

Recovery from shock

After an initial shock (how can that be? What should I do now? Why me? Etc.), a phase of optimism can follow (the next job will be better! I'm starting something new!). Sometimes unemployment is even perceived as a relief at first. In particular if the termination was preceded by negative experiences, e.g. bullying, intrigue or burnout. This leaves more time for things that are sometimes neglected in the stressful everyday work, such as being able to spend more time with the children. Unfortunately, the relief that you may have felt at first quickly turns into the opposite. The large amount of free time is often seen as a burden. Friends and family members often don't have time during the day, and boredom and frustration can set in.

Self-doubt to resignation

If unemployment lasts longer, more pessimism can come to the fore. More and more, unemployment can become a burden. Worries, fears and self-doubts spread (I can't offer anything. Nobody invites me to an interview. I'll never get out of this situation, etc.). Sleep disorders and other restless states can develop. The personal, but also social identity is losing shape more and more. Positive (future) thoughts can decrease and confidence can wane. At the end of this negative spiral, resignation can arise in which the situation is sometimes taken for granted.

Do not give up

How you deal with the situation and react to it depends on many environmental factors. In addition to the initial financial situation, personality, age, qualifications, marital status, any previous experience with unemployment and personal resilience play a major role. It is also important whether you are the sole or main breadwinner in the family.

Support from family, friends and fellow human beings is another essential factor in coping. It is important to consciously counteract resignation. In addition to actively looking for a new job, it can help to structure the day and to keep yourself busy ("distracting"). Because: A regular daily routine can create security and help to feel good or better mentally and physically. These structural elements can include exercise in the fresh air, cooking a meal and fixed times in which you actively look for work.

It is also important to seek help if you feel the need to speak to an outside person about your situation and your concerns. You can find professional support under Psychological and psychotherapeutic help.

Further information is available from:

  • Tips for mental balance
  • Crisis competence with resilience
  • Life transitions and life crises
  • Unemployment: What Now?
  • AMS: unemployed - what to do?

Popular by topic